The shoulder joint is made up of bones held in place by muscles, tendons, and ligaments. If one of these parts is disrupted, this can cause shoulder pain.
The most common shoulder problems are:
Common Elbow Problems:
Common Hand Problems:
This condition is a genetic disease. The disease affects fibrous cords or nodules forming in the palm and eventually extends to the fingers, causing contractures, in which the fingers are drawn down into the palm. This problem is more easily treated in its early stage by removing the diseased fascia (fibrous tissue under the skin).
Basilar Joint Arthritis
This problem occurs primarily in women, but it can occur in men following an injury. The base of the thumb becomes quite painful. There is joint wear primarily because of the instability and deformity. Pain results over time. In the early stages, splinting and anti-inflammatory agents are successful. Sometimes corticosteroid injections will provide long-term relief, but, ultimately, most cases will require surgery. The surgery can consist of a reconstructive procedure using one's tissues to accomplish an arthroplasty (replacement) of the basilar joint. The other alternative is arthrodesis (fusion) of the thumb's metacarpal to the trapezium at the base of the thumb. This procedure also alleviates pain.
This condition occurs after repetitive activities and sometimes after an injury. Generally, there is no known cause. It results in "catching or locking" of the finger in flexion and pain with pressure over the finger's base in the palm. It can be treated with rest; however, if rest does not alleviate the problem, anti-inflammatory agents, injections of corticosteroid, or surgical release of the constricted area around the tendon should resolve the problem.
The tendons that flex your fingers are called "flexor tendons," and the tendons on the back of your hand that extend your fingers are called "extensor tendons." If these are lacerated or cut, you will lose the function of your finger. Such an injury should be promptly treated. Any fairly deep laceration to the fingers or palm should be evaluated, as the tendon's partial division can occur. Such division could subsequently result in rupture and loss of function of the finger.
These cysts occur on top of the fingers at the last joint just back from the nail bed. They are the result of arthritic spurs causing fluid in the joint to be released. They can cause discomfort and thinness of the skin. They also can put pressure on the nail growth, causing grooves in the nail. The cyst and the offending spurs can be surgically removed.
This problem occurs when you "jam" your finger and cannot fully straighten the finger at the last joint. In the early treatment of mallet finger, splinting and immobilization hold the joint in position. Surgical intervention may be required if the injury is not immediately addressed.
Common Knee Problems: